« 2024. # 2 (176)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 2 (176), 359—368

UDK [398.3:634.7:641:615.89](477.86-11-2)”18/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2024.02.359

HARVESTING OF BERRIES, WILD FRUITS, AND JUICE FROM TREES IN POKUTTYA (BASED ON FIELD RESEARCH MATERIALS OF THE HORODENKA DISTRICT)

TSURKAN Mariana

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0009-4267-5157
  • Candidate of Historical Sciences (Ph.D. in History),
  • Junior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute
  • of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: mariannatsyrkan@gmail.com

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to highlight the process of harvesting berries, wild fruits, and tree juice and find out their use in nutrition and folk medicine by residents of Horodenka district, Ivano-Frankivsk region. In the article the place of various berries, wild fruits and tree juice in the structure of harvesting is clarified. The names for berries (such as «rosy», «black raspberry», «wild», «forest», and «berries») and wild fruits (such as «hawthorn», «turf», «sverbilus», «robin», «aphonia», and «terninky») in the local language are distinguished. Terms for picking berries, fruits from wild bushes and trees, and juice from trees are defined. Traditions associated with the consumption of the first berry were mentioned. Different containers and devices for picking berries, wild plants, and tree juice are marked. The question of harvesting berries, wild fruits, and tree juice for nutrition and folk medicine was not a subject of professional ethnographic research, that is why it constitutes the scientific novelty and relevance of the article.

The object of the research is the harvesting berries, wild plants, and tree juice as well as geographical and climate phenomena, along with socio-historical processes that have impacted the development and formation of harvesting in Pokuttya. The author’s field ethnographic research materials in the villages of Horodenka district, Ivano-Frankivsk region in 2016 as well as the scientific research of the XIX—XXI centuries are the source base of this article. The chronological framework of the article covers the late — early XXI centuries.

The methodological basis is formed on principles of theoretical and historical analysis as well as descriptive and analytical systematization methods, along with observations made by the author. Collection of field ethnographic material was carried out using the interview method according to the author’s questionnaire.

Keywords: Pokuttya, ethnography, additional activities, gathering, berries, wild fruits, juice from trees, nutrition, folk medicine.

Received 23.02.2024

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