« 2017. #4 (136)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 4 (136), 935–940

UDK 726:7.01



Sydor VitaliiPhD candidate of Design and Theory of Art Department

of Teaching and Research Institute of Art,

SHEI «Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpatian National University».

57 Taras Shevchenko str., Ivano-Frankivsk, 76000, Ukraine

Abstract. The article reveals to the essence of the landscape of religious sculpture as a distinct component of spiritual culture of the Ukrainian people and its religious component characteristic environment. The status, role and place of sacred art as key basic categories in the field of knowledge and expression of the essential principles of this sculpture are defined. Found out the format and extent of interaction between these categories, the equivalent of their synthesis and efficiency. It is emphasized that functional, image-species, iconography, performing program of the objects is closely interrelated with each other because each of them basically fundamentally rejects any differentiation or self-sufficiency.

Keywords: landscape iconic sculpture, nature, sacred, art, knowledge, expression, content, development, culture, spirituality, community, society.

Received 3.07.2017


Havryliuk, T. V. (2011). Sviaschenne v strukturi relihijnoi svidomosti: antropolohichnyj kontekst. Visnyk Prykarpats’koho universytetu. Filosofs’ki i psykholohichni nauky. Vyp. 15. S. 114–120 [in Ukrainian].
Hoshovs’kyj, R. M. (2015). Dekoratyvno-semantychni chynnyky sakralizatsii kul’tovykh ob’iektiv ukraintsiv XVI pochatku XX stolit’ (Ontolohiia. Typolohiia. Symvolika. Khudozhni zasoby).: dys. … kand. mystetstvoznavstva: 26.00.01. Ivano-Frankivs’k [in Ukrainian].
Hryn’kiv, A. P. (2012). Sotsial’na spriamovanist’ dyskursu relihij. Visnyk Kyivs’koho natsional’noho universytetu im. Tarasa Shevchenka. Filosofiia. Politolohiia. Kyiv: Kyivs’kyj universytet. Vyp. 108. S. 21–25 [in Ukrainian].
Grjeber, L. (1999). Dikaja priroda kak svjashhennoe prostranstvo. Kievskij jekologo-kul’turnyj centr. Kiev: [b. v.] [in Russian].
Istoriia ukrains’koho mystetstva: v 6 t. (1966). T. 1: Mystetstvo najdavnishykh chasiv ta epokhy Kyivs’koi Rusi; AN Ukrains’koi RSR. Kyiv: URE [in Ukrainian].
Kaiua, R. (2003). Liudyna ta sakral’ne. Kyiv: Vakler [in Ukrainian].
Muzychka, I. (1995). Ikona v rodynnomu zhytti ukrains’koho narodu. Ukrains’ke sakral’ne mystetstvo. Vyp. 2: Pytannia ikonohrafii. L’viv. S. 8–20 [in Ukrainian].
Muzychka, I. (1994). Ukrains’ke sakral’ne mystetstvo i bohosloviia. Ukrains’ke sakral’ne mystetstvo: tradytsii, suchasnist’, perspektyvy: Materialy mizhn. naukovoi konferentsii, 45 travnia 1993 r.; L’vivs’ka akademiia mystetstv. L’viv: Svichado. S. 11–34 [in Ukrainian].
Ohiienko, I. I. (1965). Dokhrystyians’ki viruvannia ukrains’koho narodu: Istorychno-relihijna monohrafiia. Int doslidiv Volyni. Vinnipeh [in Ukrainian].
Stankevych, M. Ye. (2004). Avtentychnist’ mystetstva. Pytannia teorii plastychnykh mystetstv: Vybrani pratsi. L’viv: SKIM [in Ukrainian].
Filosofs’kyj entsyklopedychnyj slovnyk (2002). Kyiv: Abrys [in Ukrainian].
Scherbakivs’kyj, D. (1926). Bukovyns’ki i halyts’ki derevliani tserkvy, nadhrobni i prydorozhni khresty, figury i kaplytsi. Ukrains’ke mystetstvo. Kyiv; Praha: Ukrains’kyj hrom. vyd. fond. XXXIV [in Ukrainian].
Jeliade, M. (2000). Traktat po istorii religij: v 2 t. T. 1. Sankt-Peterburg: Aletejja [in Russian].


Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »