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« 2018. #6 (144)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 6 (144),  1561–1577

UDK 726.04.023.1-035.3:27-523.42/526(=161.2)”15/195″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.06.1561

Received 21.11.2018

WOODEN RITUAL AND PRACTICAL INNERSPACE OF UKRAINIAN CHURCHES IN THE XVI – THE MIDDLE OF XX CENT.: THE DEVELOPMENT AND INFLUENCE FACTORS

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8292-202X

Boliuk Oleh, Candidate of Sciences in Art Studies, Ph.D, research fellow

Folk Art Department,

at the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

15 Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: e-mail: oleh.bolyuk@gmail.com

Abstract. The development of the wooden arrangement of Ukrainian churches is considered, traditions of production and placement of which, in part, originate from the shrines of the pre-Christian religions of the Mediterranean range, on the one hand, and, probably, established structural and tectonic features of the equipment of the churches of the East Slavic polytheism — on the other. The change of decoration in the church ritual and applied art of Ukrainians during the 16th — the middle of the 20th century was analyzed, which was synchronously transformed according to the evolutionary processes of European art in general and the creative idea of local craftsmen in particular. It was noted that socio-cultural, confessional-religious, political-ideological and other factors had a significant impact on the development of the phenomenon.

Keywords: Christianity, church, wood, decor, Ukraine.

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