« 2019. #1 (145)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 1 (145), 130—141

UDK 7. 01. 26: 7. 04
DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.01.130



ORCID ID 0000-0002-5251-4252


Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts

Chigorin Str., 20, Kyiv, 01042, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail: vilkhovetska.art@gmail.com

Abstract. Iconography in Lavra has a centuries-old tradition, trends that influenced church art on the territory of all Ukraine originated here. Lavra’s craftsmen adapted the best experience of eastern and western culture, they synthesized and interpreted according to their own aesthetic tradition.

This article traces the formation of the style of the Lavra icon painting school and its traditions of art education. The first part contains the consideration and analysis of the activities of the Lavra icon painting schools from the 17th century to the beginning of 20th century in search of a new artistic language and a penchant for the influence of folk art. The importance of I. Yizhakevych’s teaching and his creative searches within the framework of the canon with the use of folk art motifs for the school of Lavra and church art in general is emphasized.

Members of the named after I. Yizhakevych creative association, contemporary icon painters are following him in the striving of the new artistic language. The second part of the article in the form of short essays, created on the basis of interviews with these modern icon painters, introduces to their work, in which they continue the traditions of their predecessors.

The problems of education and the prospects for the development of church art and the role of the Lavra icon-painting school in the cultural context of the country are considered.

Keywords: Lavra icon painting school, church art, wall painting, icon painting, icon painter, folk art, artist, canon.

Received 31.01.2019


Zholtovskyi, P.M. (1982). Drawings of the Kyiv-Lavra iconografic studio. Album-catalog. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Shydenko, V.A. (2008). Selected works from the history of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra. Kyiv: NKPHCP; Phoenix [in Russian].
Lopukhina O.V. (1999). Activities and artistic direction of the Lavra’s icon painting workshop of the XIXth and beginning of the XXIth centories. Lavrsky Almanac: Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra in the сontext of Ukrainian history and culture: Issue 2, 11—17 [in Ukrainian].
Dundiak, I. (2016). Ivan Yizhakevych and the church’s art of Ukraine of the second half of the XXth century. The ethnolodgy notebooks, 5, 1095—1101 [in Ukrainian].


Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »