« 2020. № 3 (153)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 3 (153), 585—593

UDK 398((477+478)-04)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.03.585



ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7703-5541

Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D. in Philology),

Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute

of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: npastukh@gmail.com

Abstract. Folklore culture as a segment that brightly presents ethnic specificity (researchers attribute the folklore tradition to the main markers of ethnic identification) is a particularly grateful material for presenting the uniqueness of ethnic culture creation in the marginal territories in the context of cultural coexistence of ethnic groups. Therefore, the consideration of the peculiarity of the Ukrainian folklore tradition of a certain defined border (namely, zones of ethnic contacts between Ukrainians and Moldovans along the line of border) becomes especially relevant in the context of the typological regularities of folklore in zones of ethno-cultural boundaries. In the article we aim to find out the peculiarity of Ukrainian folklore creation on the territory of the Ukrainian-Moldovan border in the light of the general patterns of folklore functioning in the areas of ethno-cultural boundaries. Achieving this goal has inevitably led to a number of other, equally pressing, issues. Thus, along with the definition of “borderline” markers of the folklore tradition, the substrate of such a tradition was clearly manifested and the changing segment was objectified, as well as in particular the distinct functions of folklore were appeared on the background of multi-ethnic cultural interaction. The object of the study is the folklore tradition in the variety of genres and texts that occur in the Ukrainian villages of Moldova, and the subject is the levels at which the borderline specificity of the folklore tradition is motivated and the factors that determine such specificity. The combination of methods of local and regional research with the techniques of comparative studies determines the basis of the research view of the problem. The research was conducted mainly on the basis of the materials of folklore records that were carried out in 43 villages and 1 city of 10 districts of the Republic of Moldova (in places of compact residence of Ukrainians) during integrated scientific expeditions of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (2005—2007) and personal expeditions (2008—2009, 2016).

Keywords: folklore tradition, Ukrainian-Moldovan borderland, folk genre system, conservation, thematic priorities.

Received 19.05.2020


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