The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 3 (153), 519—531
FOLK SONGS IN THE COLLECTIVE AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF HRYHORII DEMIAN
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2998-2357
Candidate of Philological Sciences (PhD),
Senior Researcher at Folklore Department
at the Ethnology Institute
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
Contacts: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. In the article, the register of folk songs records and scientific works of H. Demian is made for the first time. The principles of the scientist regarding the observance of criteria of recording and publications are revealed. The research topic is relevant because of the factual material, especially in the functioning and traceability of the folklorization process, has become a priority for clarifying many questions of scientific analysis.
The purpose of the article is to present the song folklore in H. Demian’s recordings, to focus on terminology, genre-thematic classification. The object and source base of the study are folk songs recorded by the scientist in different years. As the historian, H. Demian was interested in songs of relevant topics, in particular, about O. Dovbush, about the assassination of tsar Kostiantyn, and about the First World War. Only a small number of works were published from the large array of folklore materials. Almost one third of the collection «From the Carpathian Mountains», which appeared in 1981, is recorded by him (63 items). The collector’s folklore interests included the children’s themes. They has been published in a volume «Children’s Folklore: Lullabies and Nursery Rhymes».
Folklore studies take an important part in H. Demian’s scientific activity. He is one of the first in the recent history of Ukraine to raise the issue of reflecting the events of the Carpathian Ukraine in 1938—1939 in folklore, since up until then it was impossible to do so for political reasons. He also actively recorded the songs of the riflemen, which are stored in the archive of the Institute of Ethnology of the NAS of Ukraine. The fixations date from 1977 to the early 1990s.
The most important part in the work of the researcher was the insurgent folklore, which reveals important themes of the creation of statehood, reproduces pictures of military life, feats, and victimhood of Ukrainian patriots. H. Demian professionally researched the theoretical problems associated with the historical basis of insurgent song folklore. Folklore studies of the insurgent songs by H. Demian are a certain scientific-theoretical system that provides a basis for researchers of socio-political thought.
Keywords: folk songs, songs of the riflemen, insurgent songs, motives, genres.
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