« 2020. № 4 (154)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 4 (154), 907—922

UDK 303.442.43(=161.2):167-39:321.64:327.2:316.2: 81-116




  • PhD Candidate at the
  • Department of the modern ethnology of the Institute of Ethnology of the
  • National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.
  • Contacts: e-mail:


Abstract. Relevance. In modern-day Russia, Belarus, and the territories occupied by Russia, there is widespread racial discrimination against indigenous peoples by language. Schools in their native language are closed and activists fighting Russification are subjected to physical violence, fine, police, criminal prosecution. Many researchers do not understand why discriminate against the Belarusian language in Belarus.

The purpose of the article is to reveal this as Russian imperialism constructs its ideology through the academic schools of science formed in Russia and Belarus over the centuries of colonialism.

The used method of historiographical analysis of the imperial ideologies of ethnographic, folklore, Slavic and sociological studies of Belarusians gave the following results: with the 1960 Russian scientific schools created popular in the former USSR, the ontological foundation for Eurasian, Slavophilism, racism, for example, the Moscow-Tartu school, M. Tolstoy Slavistics School, the concept of L. Gumilyov. After 1991, in the Russian imperial ethnology was created constructivism. Also Russian Orthodox clericalism, combined with different versions of Eurasianism, became popular in the social sciences in Russia and Belarus. These racist ideologies in conjunction with the Belarusian authoritarianism created «Belarusian State Ideology», which is mandatory for use in the Belarusian universities and science.

Conclusions. These theories and concepts can not be verified, since they contain racist ideological axioms, ideological choice of sources and facts. Such studies should be considered pseudo-scientific, and their findings, methods of measurement, the facts can not be used.

Keywords: historiography of ethnology and folklore, nationalism, racism, Russification, imperialism, ideology, methodology of social sciences and humanities.

Received 26.06.2020


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