Archive

« 2021. # 3 (159)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 3 (159), 659—665

UDK 392.5(477.46-21=161.2)”18/20″:930.85

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.03.659

THE RITE «WEDDING BRANCH» (ACCORDING TO THE MATERIALS OF THE HISTORICAL UMAN REGION)

YOVENKO Larysa

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1035-071X
  • Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences,
  • Associate Professor of Ukrainian Literature,
  • Ukrainian Studies and Teaching Methods
  • Department Pavlo Tychyna Uman State
  • Pedagogical University
  • 2, Garden street, 20300, Uman, Tcherkasy area, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: yovenko310@ukr.net

TERESHKO Іnna

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5682-7766
  • Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences,
  • Associate Professor of Choreography and
  • Artistic Culture Department Pavlo Tychyna
  • Uman State Pedagogical University
  • 2, Garden street, 20300, Uman, Tcherkasy area, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: art_dekanat@meta.ua

Abstract. The urgency of the topic lies in the need to form a new personality as a patriot of Ukraine, based on national traditions, customs, rituals, folklore heritage, art and more. This reinforces the need to create appropriate conditions for the promotion of national cultural heritage, past and present of the Ukrainian nation. The relevance of the article is also due to insufficient study of folklore and ethnographic material of the historical Uman region. Therefore, the aim of the article is to study the ritual and mythological essence of the «branch» rite, to present the peculiarities of its existence in the historical Uman region at the end of the XIX — beginning of the XXI century. The object of research is the «wedding branch» ceremony. Subject  — local and territorial features of this rite in the historical Uman region.

The methodological basis of the research is used by culturological and chronological-historical (to understand evolution and transformation due to «writing a wedding cow»), expedition method (to study its local-territorial features), as well as the method of theoretical generalization. The novelty of the work in the generalization of local and territorial features due to the «wedding branch», published samples of ceremonial wedding folklore of the historical Uman region. Conclusions. Thus, the studied rite has a deep archaic meaning. It is established that it reflects: 1) the cult of the sun, fertility; 2) connection with nature, flora, native land; 3) the cult of the family.

The study of scientific works, archival materials of the research laboratory «Problems of training future teachers of philology for Ukrainian studies at school» (Uman State Pedagogical University named after Pavlo Tychyna) showed that the rite of «department» in the villages of historical Uman retains authentic features, has a kind of script ritual which is manifested in the fixed local and territorial features of its implementation. This rite is still an important part of the wedding ceremony of Uman region.

Careful study of regional forms of folklore in the educational process of higher education has significant potential in promoting the cultural heritage of the native ethnic group, fostering respect for the material and spiritual heritage of Ukrainian and other peoples.

Keywords: wedding ceremony, wedding branch, wedding folklore, Uman, historical region, national cultural heritage.

Received  20.04.2021

REFERENCES

  • (1999, june 19). Joint Declaration of the Ministers of Education of Europe «European Higher Education Area». Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/en/994_525#Text [in Ukrainian]
  • New Ukrainian school. Conceptual principles of secondary school reform. Retrieved from: https://mon.gov.ua/ua/tag/nova-ukrainska-shkola [in Ukrainian].
  • (2014, july 1). On Higher Education. Official web-portal of the Parliament of Ukraine. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18 [in Ukrainian].
  • Vovk, H. (1995). Studies in Ukrainian ethnography and anthropology. Kyiv: Art [in Ukrainian].
  • Sumtsov, N. (1996). Symbolism of Slavic rites: Selected works. Moscow: Eastern Literature [in Russian].
  • Yashchurzhinsky, H. (1880). Lyrical Little Rusynian songs, mostly wedding. Warsaw: Typography of M. Zemkevich and V. Noakovsky [in Russian].
  • Brizhko, M. (1919). Wedding in the town of Dubova, Uman district, Kyiv region. Materials on Ukrainian Ethnology (Vol. XIX—XX, pp. 63—66) [in Ukrainian].
  • Ganyuchenko, Z. (1919). Wedding in the village of Gordashivtsi, Uman County, Kyiv Region. Materials on Ukrainian Ethnology (Vol. XIX—XX, pp. 33—51) [in Ukrainian].
  • Sivachuk, N. (2010). Uman wedding. Uman: ALMI [in Ukrainian].
  • Yovenko, L. (2010). Folklore and ethnographic heritage of the village of Gorodetske, Uman district, Cherkasy region. Uman: ALMI [in Ukrainian].
  • Yovenko, L., & Tereshko, I. (2013). Folklore and ethnographic heritage of the village of Cherpovody, Uman district, Cherkasy region. Uman: PP Zhovtyy [in Ukrainian]
  • Semenchuk, V. (2014). Folklore of the village of Rohy, Uman district, Cherkasy region. Uman: PP Zhovtyy [in Ukrainian].
  • Tereshko, I., & Yovenko, L. (2012). Folklore and ethnographic heritage of the village of Tymoshivka, Mankiv district, Cherkasy region. Uman: PP Zhovtyy [in Ukrainian].
  • Osipenko, N., & Goncharuk, V. (2019). Folklore heritage of the village of Pugachivka, Uman district, Cherkasy region. Uman: ALMI [in Ukrainian].
  • Maksimovich, M. (1977). Collection of works (Vol. 2). Kyiv: MP Fritz Printing House [in Russian].
  • Semenchuk, O. Oksanina, Uman district, Cherkasy region, recorded from Tkachenko Teklia Tikhinivna, born in 1930, June 10, 1999. In Archive of the research laboratory «Problems of preparation of future teachers of philology for Ukrainian studies work at school». F. 97. Op. 7. Od. sb. 24. Ark. 132 [in Ukrainian].
  • Sivachuk, N. (2011). Kupala rituals of Uman region. Uman: PP Zhovtyy [in Ukrainian].
  • Nowosielski, A. (1857). People of Ukraine (Vol. I—II). Vilnius: Glucksberg [in Polish].
  • Karavelov, L. (1861). Monuments of folk life of Bulgarians (Book I). Moscow: K. Anders Printing House [in Russian].
  • Buslaev, F. (1851). Epic poetry. Article one. Domestic Notes, 7 [in Russian].
  • Voitovych, V. (2002). Ukrainian mythology. Kyiv: Lybid [in Ukrainian].
  • Zhayvoronok, V. (2006). Signs of Ukrainian ethnoculture: Dictionary-reference book. Kyiv: Dovira [in Ukrainian].
  • Gut, N. Legedzyne, Talnivskyi district, Cherkasy region, recorded from Kryzhanivska Marusya, born in 1928 and Drobot Parasky, born in 1927, 6.07.2004. In Archive of the research laboratory «Problems of preparation of future teachers of philology for Ukrainian studies work at school». F. 1. Op. 3. Od. sp. 236. Ark. 17 [in Ukrainian].
  • Gaishuk, T. Korzhova Sloboda, Uman district, Cherkasy region, recorded from Shevchenko Maria Korniivna, born in 1921, 12.06.2001. In Archive of the research laboratory «Problems of preparation of future teachers of philology for Ukrainian studies work at school». F. 177. Op. 4. Od. sp. 145. Ark. 65 [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »