« 2021. # 4 (160)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 4 (160), 929—937

UDK[061.2:334.712](477.83/.86)”19″:930.2 

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.04.929

THE ROLE OF «THE INDUSTRIAL AID LEAGUE» IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL CRAFT IN HALYCHYNA (GALICIA) IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY

KOZAKEVYCH Olena

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8742-4337
  • candidate of arts (Ph. D),
  • researcher,
  • Ethnology Institute of NAS of Ukraine,
  • Folk Art Department,
  • 15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: kozakevych.olena@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. In the paper, the importance of «The Industrial Aid League» in a development of Galician folk arts and crafts in the early XX century is considered. The main prerequisites for its formation, key areas of function, statutory obligations are outlined. The creation of the organization was due to the urgent need for support and development of the Galician producer and the importance of local products. During the Fair of Regional Products in Lviv (1904) «The Industrial Aid League» was officially approved with the initiative and facilitate of industrialists, patrons, artisans and the public. The activity of «The Industrial Aid League» was extremely effective, especially before World War I: exhibitions, the revival of homespun crafts, the export of local goods, the professional education. However, the significance and effective results of «The Industrial Aid League» remained out of the attention of Ukrainian researchers, which emphasizes the relevance of the article.

The paper aim — to outline main activities of «The Industrial Aid League» in the context of the craft development in Halychyna (Galicia) in the early XX century.

The novelty of the publication lies in the introduction into scientific circulation the information about the activities of the «The Industrial Aid League» and its significance for the Galician industry of the first third of the XX century. It was found that in the early XX century «The Industrial Aid League» was a leader in the promotion and development of local crafts and in Halychyna (Galicia). Thanks to its activity, the products of Galician manufacturers became known and were in demand not only in the region but also abroad. The main function directions of the organization are identified as well as its leading centers are clarified. This data are published for the first time.

The research object is the activities of «The Industrial Aid League», and the subject is the development of folk arts and crafts in Halychyna (Galicia) in the late of XIX — early XX centuries. The paper methodological basis is the principle of historicism.

The paper source base consists of archival documents, reports, periodicals, photographs from the funds of research institutions of Ukraine and Poland.

Keywords: «The Industrial Aid League», Halychyna (Galicia), craft, folk arts, local products, exhibitions, export, centers.

Received 10.08.2021

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