Archive

« 2018. #3 (141)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2018, 3 (141), 738–751

UDK 7.072.2(477) (092)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2018.03.738

MYKOLA MOZDYR IS OUTSTANDING A SCIENTIST IN THE FIELD OF UKRAINIAN FOLK ART

Kolupaieva Agniia Vitaliivna, Candidate of Art History, Senior Researcher
of the Department of Folk Art
of the Institute of Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Svobody Avenue 15, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.
Contacts: e-mail agnia.kolupayeva@gmaile.com, agniakol@ukr.net.

Abstrakt. We highlight Mykola Mosdir’s life and scientific heritage as a significant contribution to the methodology of Ukrainian Art Studies, discovery, preservation, research, and popularization of the Ukrainian culture and folk art artefacts. Analysis of the main published works of the scientist, focusing on theoretical achievements in study of the Ukrainian decorative and church (ecclesiastical) art, wooden, stone folk sculpture, memorial plastics and Ukrainian Chrеstology (Studies of the Cross).

Keywords: Mykola Mozdyr, Ukrainian folk art, sculpture, memorial plastic, ecclesiastical art, furniture, carving on wood, stone carving, cross, «figure», typology, iconography, symbolism.

Received 07.05.2018

References

Arkhiv Instytutu narodoznavstva NAN Ukrainy, f. 1, op. 3, od. zb. 368. — 135 s. (Mozdyr M.I.: osobova sprava) [in Ukrainian].
Akulenko, V.I., Mahazynschykova, I.P., Mozdyr, M.I., & Tarasenko, O.O. (2002). Kulturna spadshchyna liudstva: zberezhennia ta vykorystannia: navchalnyi posibnyk. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I. (vst. st., uporiad.). (1971). Borysenko, V. Albom. Kyiv: Mystetstvo [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I. (uporiad.). (1987). Valentyn Borysenko: albom. Kyiv: Mystetstvo [in Ukrainian].
Herus, L. (2008). Dosvid pomnozhenyi liudianistiu. Mystetstvoznavstvo08: naukovyi zbirnyk. (pp. 233—236). Lviv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Zakharchuk-Chuhai, R. (1998). Tvorchyi shliakh uchenoho. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1, 27—28 [in Ukrainian].
Zakharchuk-Chuhai, R. (2008). Mykola Mozdyr — pivstolittia na nyvi mystetstvoznavstva. Mystetstvoznavstvo08. (pp. 225—232). Lviv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I. (1971). Dunaivski kolony. Obrazotvorche mystetstvo, 4, 18––19 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, N.I. (1977). Ukrainskaja narodnaja derevjannaja skul’ptura. Moskva [in Ukrainian].
Yablonska, V, Zakharchuk-Chuhai, R.,& Yatsiv, R. (eds.). (1998). Mykola Ivanovych Mozdyr (do 70-richchia vid dnia narodzhennia): bibliohrafichnyi pokazhchyk. Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I. (1980). Ukrainska narodna dereviana skulptura. Kyiv: Muzei etnohrafii ta khudozhnoho promyslu AN URSR; Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M., & Shlemkevych, S. (1993). Navchalno-metodychni materialy do vyvchennia kursu «Istoriia mystetstva ta arkhitektura»: dlia studentiv spetsialnosti «dyzain». Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M., & Myhal’, S. (1993). Z istorii mebliarstva v Ukraini. Ukrainskyi lis, 2, 53—55 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I. (1994). Khudozhni remesla. Etnohrafiia Ukrainy: navchalnyi posibnyk. (pp. 282—301). Lviv: Svit [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1995). Pavlo Zholtovskyi v ekspedytsiiakh. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 5, 275—276 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1996). Ukrainska narodna memorialna skulptura. Kyiv: IN NAN Ukrainy; Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1996, 26—29 serpnia). Do ikonohrafii kamianykh khrestiv XVIII—XX st. na ukrainskykh zemliakh. Politolohiia. Etnolohiia. Sotsiolohiia: dopovidi ta povidomlennia: Tretii mizhnarodnyi konhres ukrainistiv. Kharkiv, 83—86 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1996, 24 zhovtnia). Do klasyfikatsii ta ikonohrafii kamianykh khrestiv XVIII—XX st. na ukrainskykh zemliakh. Ukrainska khrestolohiia: tezy i reziume naukovoi konferentsii. (pp. 3—5). Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1997). Namohylni khresty. In Khrest v ukrainskomu mystetstvi: kataloh vystavky. (p 6). Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1997). «Fihury», prydorozhni ta prysadybni khresty v Ukraini. In Ukrainska khrestolohiia. (pp 21—30). Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1998). Khrest u seli Zymne bilia Volodymyra (do pytannia atrybutsii). Halych i halytska zemlia v derzhavotvorchykh protsesakh Ukrainy: materialy Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii. (pp. 146—149). Ivano-Frankivsk; Halych: Plai [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (1999). Iryna Hurhula — doslidnyk narodnoho mystetstva 1920—1930-kh rr. Mystetstvoznavstvo99: naukovyi zbirnyk. Lviv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy, 191—200 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2003). Khresty rizbiara V. Turcheniaka v tserkvi sv. Yura v seli Duliby bilia Stryia. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1—2, 263—266 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2003). Vizytatsiini akty Peremyskoho dekanatu yak dzherelo do istorii ukrainskoi kultury XVII—XVIII st. (teky fondu M. Podolynskoho v arkhivi Natsionalnoho muzeiu u Lvovi). Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 3—4, 588—621 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2004). Vin zavzhdy z namy (do 100-richchia vid dnia narodzhennia Pavla Zholtovskoho). In Mystetstvoznavstvo04: naukovyi zbirnyk. (pp 133—142). Lviv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2004). Khudozhni remesla ta promysly. In Etnohrafiia Ukrainy: navchalnyi posibnyk. (pp. 306—327). Lviv: Svit [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2004). Leopold Levytskyi i Natsionalnyi muzei u Lvovi. In Leopold Levytskyi. Spohady pro khudozhnyka: naukovyi zbirnyk. (pp. 38—41). Lviv: SKIM [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2005). Volodymyr Lupiichuk — spivets ukrainskoho kozatstva. Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy; Afisha [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2006). (Hasla) Amvon, ampir, antypedium, apokryf, Afon, baroko, basma, bibliia, bozhnyk, vivtar, vitrazh, hotyka, dveri tserkovni, dyiakonski dveri, zhezl, ikonostas, kaplytsia, kyvorii, kyvot, Kyievo-Pecherska lavra, kiot, klasytsyzm, kliros, klobuk, kovcheh, lavy tserkovni, lavra, monastyr, namohylnyk, nadhrobok, panshchyzniani khresty, prestol, prydorozhni khresty, prysadybni khresty, renesans, Rozpiattia, rokoko, sarkofah, Sviatohirska Uspenska lavra, Sviato-Uspenska Pochaivska lavra, soleia, spovidalnytsia, tetrapod, Univska Sviato-Uspenska lavra, «fihura», khrest namohylnyi, Khrystos skorbotnyi. In Stankevych, M. (ed.). Ukrainske sakralne mystetstvo: slovnyk. (pp. 11––13, 19, 23, 27––28, 31––35, 44––45, 52––53, 54––55, 66––67, 72––73, 79, 97––98, 111––115, 123, 125––133, 140––141, 151––153, 159––160, 175, 196––198, 201––203, 207––210, 213––214, 216––221, 225––226, 230, 239, 246––247, 250––251, 260––262, 272––273). Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2007). Olena Kulchytska i Natsionalnyi muzei u Lvovi. Art-klas: Olena Kulchytska (1877—1967). 130-ty litnomu yuvileiu khudozhnytsi prysviacheno, 3—4, 156—159 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2008). Narodni mebli v Ukraini. Henezys. Evoliutsiia form. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1—2, 160—183 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2009). Ukrainska narodna memorialna plastyka. Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2010). Do pytannia pro stan mebliarstva kin. XIX — poch. XX st. v Halychyni. // Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1—2, 256—261 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2010). Ekspedytsiini vyizdy z Petrom Linynskym. In Ivashkiv, H. Zbirka keramiky Petra Linynskoho. (pp. 34—36). Lviv: IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2011). Takoiu yii pamiataiu (spohady pro K. Mateiko). Narodoznavchi zoshyty. 2011, 4 (100), 605—607 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M. (2011). Zavzhdy buv zrazkom. Mystetstvoznavstvo’11: naukovyi zbirnyk (do 100-richchia vid dnia narodzhennia Antona Budzana). (pp. 319—321). Lviv: SKIM; IN NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
Stankevych, M. (1998). Mykola Mozdyr — doslidnyk ukrainskoi narodnoi plastyky. Narodoznavchi zoshyty, 1, 29—31 [in Ukrainian].
Mozdyr, M.I., & Fedoruk, A.K. (1981). La sculpture sur bois en Ukraine.In Le Bois dans larchitècture et la sculpture slaves. (pp. 213—226). Paris: LUNESCO [in France].
Hakh, I. Natsionalnyi muzei u Lvovi: 80-ti. Zbruch. Retrieved from: https://zbruc.eu/node/34519.
Zakharchuk-Chuhai, R. (2009). Rets. na kn.: Mykola Mozdyr. Ukrainska narodna memorialna plastyka. Lviv: Instytut narodoznavstva NAN Ukrainy. Visnyk NTSh. Ch. 45, 73—74.
Retrieved from: http://ntsh.org/sites/default/files/visnyk_45.pdf.
Kafedra etnolohii LNU im. I. Franka. Retrieved from: http://old.clio.lnu.edu.ua/Kafedra_etnologii.html.
Kafedra sotsiolohii ta kulturolohii NLTU: navchalni dystsypliny kafedry. Retrieved from: http://nltu.edu.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=117&Itemid=71.

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »