« 2018. #5 (143)

The Ethnology Notebooks, 2018, № 5 (143), 1308—1319

UDK 75.03:75.01:75.021:7.036«19/20»(510)=161.2


Received  19.09.2018


Sun’ Ke, graduate student

National academy of fine art and architecture

Str. of Voznesenskyi lowering, 20, Kyiv, 04053, Ukraine

Contacts: e-mail: ; +380505548874

Abstrakt. Transformation and development of the genre and thematic features of Chinese oil painting during times of the emergence and active development of the style of «Scar art» are analyzed in the article. The influence of general social tendencies on the development of fine arts of the specified period is described. It was found that many artists and art critics of that time had been referring to the artistic heritage of previous periods and trying to return then widespread realism to its origins, in particular to the principles of the «Local art». The preconditions and reasons for the emergence of the «neoclassical art» style and the influence of distinctive national cultural features on it are considered in the context of the search for reintegration into the global artistic space and for self­identification by Chinese artists.

Keywords: China, oil painting, «Scar art», «Local art», neoclassical art, peculiarities of painting, styles.


Neglinskaya, M.A. Ob aktualnyih tendentsiyah sovremennogo kitayskogo iskusstva i perspektivah ego izucheniya. Web resource:; Neglinskaya M.A. On the current trends of modern Chinese art and the prospects of its study.
Van, Fey. (2008). Sovremennoe iskusstvo Kitaya v kontekste mirovogo hudozhestvennogo protsessa. Dis. kand. iskusstvoved. M.: Ros. akad. hudozhestv, 2008. [Wang Fei. Modern art of China in the context of the global artistic process. Ph,D, thesis in art sriticism. Moscow: Rus. Acad. of arts].
Prosekov, S.A. (2015). Mentalitet kitaytsev i reformyi Den Syaopina. Filosofskie nauki, 1, 86–98; Prossekov, S.A. (2015). Mentality of the Chinese people and the reform of Deng Xiaoping. Philosophical sciences, 1, 86–98.
Polubota, A. (2011). Velikiy kitayskiy put. Literaturnaya gazeta, 34; Polubota, A. (2011). The Great Chinese Way. Literary newspaper, 34.
(2010). Historical significance and aesthetic value of works by Liu Mingyu. Layer of art. Mudanjiang College of Education Magazine.
吕澎.20世纪中国艺术史[M]. 北京: 北京大学出版社 (2007). Lou Wei. The history of Chinese art in the twentieth century. Beijing: View of Beijing University.
邹跃进.新中国美术史[M].长沙:湖南美术出版社. (2002). [ou Yuyin. History of New Chinese Art. Changsha: Hunan Publishing House.
«我的油画之路» 靳尚谊 口述 曹文汉 撰文 吉林美术出版社. (2000).年. Cao Wenhan. My oil road. Beijing: Jilin.
«二十世纪中国油画» 北京出版社 北京美术摄影出版社. (2000). 年. Chinese oil painting of the twentieth century. Beijing: Publishing House «Beijing Art».
毛澤東著,楊照導讀: «毛澤東語錄»(精裝)台灣東觀出版社2005年8月22日初版,ISBN 986-7636-61-9. Mao Zedong, Yang Zhao Introduction: «Mao Zedong Quotations» (Hardcover) Taiwan Dongguan Publishing House, August 22, 2005, ISBN 986-7636-61-9.


Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »