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« 2019. #2 (146)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, 2 (146), 495—502

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.02.495

NONEXISTING TSERKVAS AS UKRAINIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE IN SACRAL LANDSCAPE IN KRAMPNA COMMUNE

KOZAK Anna

Master’s degree, Assistant

Department of Environmental Protection and Landscape

Lublin Catholic University named after John Paul II

20-708, Lublin, Konstantinov St., 1H,

Contacts: e-mail: hannakozak@kul.lublin.pl

KOZAK Igor

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4163-5534

Doctor of Biological Sciences

Professor of the Department of Landscape Ecology

Lublin Catholic University named after John Paul II

20-708, Lublin, Konstantinov St., 1H,

Contacts: e-mail: modeliho@kul.lublin.pl

Abstract. The article presents the nonexisting tserkvas in sacred landscape in Krampna commune (in Poland). These tserkvas represent 13 sacral objects with the architectural specificity of the Ukrainian wooden and stone tserkva. History of nonexisting tserkvas in the landscape of Krampna commune has been analyzed. In particular, there was noted the uniqueness of the Ukrainian tserkva, the technique of “zrub” and elements of “zalom” in its architecture. This aspect integrates Ukrainian tserkvas, which vary only in terms proportions in length, width and height. Tserkvas in Krampna commune were destroyed after the year 1945-1947. Tserkvas lost the religious role and sacred landscape lost its meaning. The article shows the specificity of tserkvas architecture. Nonexisting tserkvas were analyzed in the Krampna commune with their surrounding landscape. It is proved that these all are original and represent a wide diversity of architecture and symbols of Ukrainian religious architecture. The article discusses the perspective of maintaining and reconstructing tserkvas, as well as manner and methods of studying this issue.

Keywords: sacred landscape, Ukrainian tserkva, Krampna commune.

Received 15.02.2019

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