Archive

« 2019. № 3 (147)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 698—704

UDK 398.341; 398.4 (477.82/.84)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.03.698

TRADITIONAL BUILDING RITES OF MANEVYCHI DISTRICT

HALAICHUK Volodymyr

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7780-5876

Candidate of Philology, Docent

The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Department of Ethnology

1, Universytets’ka str., 79000, L’viv, Ukraine

Contacts: е-mail: halay_czuk@ukr.net

Abstract. The proposed publication examines the traditional building ceremonies of the Manevychi district of the Volyn region. On the basis of expeditionary materials, customs, rituals and demonological representations and beliefs that accompany various stages of building of dwelling and housewarming are considered.

In particular, a number of views discussed in the publication relate to the selection of construction materials. In order not to hurt the people in the new building, for the construction did not use the trees that twisted the storm or broke the lightning, crepe tree, tree with a sprout from the core («candle»), trees on two trunks («twins»), that grew in the cemetery; also not built of aspen.

Unfavorable homes recognize the places of former burials or those that are in dispute, also did not build on former boundaries or roads, on the old «okapin», did not erect a new home around the old one. By some means, they searched for a «warm» place for the house, preferably on their own land.

At the huts of the house everywhere practiced laying on the foundations of money to provide wealth in the house, as the apotropians put sacred herbs and incense. An important role in lending was played by the person of the wizard, so «healers» tried not to hire. Somewhere in the place where the table is standing, a crochet was tied up. The structure was completed by installing on the rafters a «wreath» («bouquet», «flowers»).

To have plenty in the house, a cat or a cock, a chicken, sometimes a dog was allowed to go in there in front of the entrances. There are references to invitations to a new dwelling house. On the inside of the first man came to the house as the owner of the house. Ritual function in this rite was bread.

It was stated that the construction ritual of Manevychi district corresponds to the ritual of other western regions, because it is based on the same realities and expresses identical motives.

Keywords: Western Polissya, Manevychi district, construction ceremonial, institutions, entrances, hobgoblin.

Received 10.05.2019

REFERENCES

Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Manevychi-2016. Op. save V. Halaichuk [in Ukrainian].
Siletskyi, R. (2011). Traditional building rites of Ukrainians. Lviv: The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »