The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 535—547
THE TOMB OF HETMAN IVAN MAZEPA: HISTORY, RESEARCH, LEGENDS AND RETELLINGS
ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6772-8387
Doctor of Sciences in History, Lead Researcher
of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy
of Sciences of Ukraine,
in the Department of Historical Ethnology,
15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
Contacts: е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. Ivan Mazepa is one of the most prominent historians of Europe at the end of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, whose image has more than once attracted the attention of domestic and foreign researchers and artists. There is more than two thouthand bibliography of scientific works and art papers devoted to this bright personality. There were many myths and distortions created during the life of Ivan Mazepa, the number of which greatly increased after his death. Many of them relate to the last period of his political activity, the completion of the earthly path, the location of the grave and the fate of the corpse.
The question of where and in what circumstances Ivan Mazepa was buried was first put up in the national historical literature in the second half of the nineteenth century. Later it confused the scholars of the Ukrainian political emigration of the twentieth century and has not lost its relevance up to now. The unresolvedness determines the purpose of this publication — to summarize the results of previous researches by involving a wide range of historical evidence and legends.
The object of the article is a collection of sources relating to the grave of Ivan Mazepa, the subject is the main versions of the fate of his mortal remains. In the process of scientific research, the principle of historicism in combination with elements of structural-functional analysis and methods of ethnological science was used. In preparing the article, used the own observations of the author who participated in expeditionary surveys of the places of the first burial and reburial of Ivan Mazepa were used.
On the basis of the analysis, the chronology of events related to this issue is traced. The main, often overly contradictory, versions of the fate of the hetman Ivan Mazepa are given. The author comes to the conclusion about the urgent need for archeological excavations on the territory of the destroyed monastery of St. Yuriy (George) in Galati (Romania) and the installation of a memorial sign in place of the last rest of this outstanding figure in Ukrainian history.
Keywords: history, Hetman, Ivan Mazepa, tomb, grave, monastery, legends, retellings.
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