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« 2019. № 4 (148)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 4 (148), 878—897

УДК 398.8(=161.2:478-22)”187/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.04.878

THE СURRENT STATE OF ACQUISITION OF THE FOLKLORE TRADITION OF UKRAINIAN MOLDOVA: A CALENDAR RITUAL CICLE

KHARCHYSHYN Olga

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9379-8300

Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D. in philology), Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: okharchyshyn@gmail.com

PASTUKH Nadiia

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7703-5541

Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D. in philology), Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: npastukh@gmail.com

KOVAL Vasyl

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3562-8899

Candidate of Art (Ph. D), Senior Researcher at The Mykola Lysenko

Lviv National Music Academy,

5, Ostap Nizhankivsky str., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine.

Contacts: е-mail: vmk333@ukr.net

Abstract. The article presents the analysis of the current state of the functioning of calendar ritual folklore in the Ukrainian villages of the Republic of Moldova. The research was conducted mainly on the basis of the materials of folklore records that were carried out in 43 villages and 1 city of 10 districts of the Republic of Moldova (in places of compact residence of Ukrainians) during integrated scientific expeditions of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (2005—2007) and personal expeditions (2008—2009, 2016). The analysis also included a comparison of our fixations of folklore with available printed records of predecessors, which appeared in print from the 1870’s. XIX century. The relevance of the article is due to the lack of tangible interest from the Ukrainian ethnological and folklore science in the traditional ritual and folklore culture of Ukrainians in Moldova, and consequently in the absence of works that would present ceremonial folklore (in particular, calendar ceremonial folklore) as a locally-regional integrity, ascertained by all-Ukrainian and local traits, traced the dynamics of changes in the genre system of folklore, in its repertoire, ritual context, and others like that. The object of the research is the texts of calendar ritual folklore (carol and shchedrivka, malanka song, parovanka, heykaniya, vesnyanka, Kupala song), which are common in the Ukrainian villages of Moldova, and the subject is the modern state of the existence of such texts. The purpose of the article is to trace the state of preservation and functioning of traditional calendar ceremonial folklore, namely the dynamics of changes in the genre system, repertoire filling, ritual context, and peculiarities of execution. The research is based on the methodological foundations of locally-regional study of folklore, which were outlined in the writings of V. Hnatyuk, F. Kolessa, S. Myshanych, R. Kyrchiv and others.

Keywords: ceremonial folklore, functioning, Ukrainians of Moldova, carols, shchedrivki, malanka songs, heykaniya, parovanka, vesnyanka, kupala songs.

Received 13.07.2019

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