« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1220—1227

UDK 398.7(476)





candidate of Philology, associate Professor of literary studies

doctoral student of the Department of culture of Slavic peoples and folklore of the State scientific institution «Center for research of Belarusian culture,

language and literature of NAS of Belarus»

str. Surhanova, 1, Mins’k, 220072


Abstract. The article examines the system of variability on extensive factual material, Kupala songs year cycle of the Belarusian folklore. The purpose of the article is to identify the system of variation of Belarusian folk songs by using the method of system analysis in the framework of folkloristic research.

In the research process variability Kupala songs revealed a number of interrelated spheres of scientific research: continued record of Kupala songs and rituals in an authentic environment; defining the system model structures in Kupala folk songs; analysis of functional bases of Kupala songs and rituals; the disclosure of the ways and reasons of transformation of all components of the Kupala rituals and the related songs. The article analyzes the variability, which is a characteristic feature of almost all phenomena related to language and human creativity.

The typology of Kupala songs based on the essential features inherent in both verbal and musical text is briefly considered. It builds on the typology Kupala melodies by G V. Taulay. Each of the seven Belarusian Kupala song types are allocated according to functional-structural principle can be divided into intrapedigree types and mastimovie form. In the article, the characteristic of each type is limited to the description of only such features as melodic-textual (song) rhythm, the form of the text stanza, syllabic structure of the verse, the area of distribution. The article reveals and emphasizes the facts of existence of such or peculiar types of Kupala songs in Belarus and Ukraine.

The presented research is part of the author’s concept of variation of folk songs, built on the material, primarily Belarusian, as well as Ukrainian and Russian song folklore.

Keywords: variation, song folklore, Кupala songs, Кupala­rites, tradition, changes.

Received 29.09.2019


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