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« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1246—1259

UDK 801.8:398.8](=161.2=162.1)”18/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.05.1246

«HEY, SOKOLY!» («HEY, SOKOЈY!»): LYRICS AND CONTEXTS OF THE SONG

KHARCHYSHYN Olga

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9379-8300

Candidate of Philological Sciences (Ph. D. in philology),

Senior Researcher at the Ethnology Institute

of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

е-mail: okharchyshyn@gmail.com

Abstract. From the folklore point of view, the lyrics and peculiarities of the «Hey, sokoly!» song, popular among Poles and Ukrainians, have been analyzed. Its heterogeneous texture of texts, which contains components of different poetic quality and attests to the contaminated nature of the work, has been traced. It uses the motif of a Polish song from the nineteenth century «Zhal za Ukrayinow» («Sorry for Ukraine»), which is complemented with a new beginning and a chorus. Attention is drawn to poetics and symbolism in different parts of the text, with an emphasis on unconventional features marked by the influences of modern times. The information about the first occurrences of the song in the second half of the twentieth century is revealed. The content of «Hey, sokoіy!» has been rethought, has gained patriotic sound from Poles and Ukrainians. Ukrainian versions of the song are translations from the Polish language of the 21st century. This song has a patriotic sense for Ukrainians and often symbolizes the Ukrainian-Polish neighborhood.

The source base of the research is printed publications, including digital ones, available on the Internet, and the materials of the author’s own field research conducted in 2018–2019. Its topicality due to the great attention of artists, scientists and the general public to the «Hey, sokoly!» song, which is appreciated not only as a work of art but also as a manifestation of a certain ideology. The folkloristic study of this song is important due to the mass circulation in the media and even in the scientific works of the unsubstantiated version of its authorship by Tymosh Padura. The object of the study is the «Hey, sokoly!» song; the subject of the study is its Polish and Ukrainian lyrics, information about their existence in the context of two neighbouring ethnic cultures. The aim is to analyze the Polish lyrics of the song «Hey, sokoly!», to determine its folk and literary basis, to raise questions about the genesis of the song. The principles of complex folklore research developed by I. Franko, M. Drahomanov, M. Sumtsov, M. Hrushevskyy, K. Hrushevska, P. Lintur, H. Nudha and other scientists are used in the article.

Keywords: «Hey, sokoly!», song, lyrics, variant, occurrence, popularity, meaning.

Received 20.10.2019

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