« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1305—1330

UDK 398.332(477.51)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.05.1305

TRADITIONAL CALENDAR AND MODE OF LIFE CUSTOMS AND RITUALS OF THE EASTERN POLISSIA (ON FIELD MATERIALS FROM RIPKY DISTRICT OF CHERNIHIV REGION)

HALAICHUK Volodymyr

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7780-5876

Candidate of Philology, Docent

The Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,

Department of Ethnology,

1, Universytets’ka str., L’viv, 79000, Ukraine

e-mail: halay_czuk@ukr.net

Serhii TSYPYSHEV

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5924-8930

Deputy Director of Research,

Museum of Folk Architecture and Rural Life in Lviv

named after Klymentii Sheptytskyi,

1, Chernecha Hora str., L’viv, 79014, Ukraine

e-mail: SerhiyTsypyshev@gmail.com

 Abstract. The publication studies traditional calendar customs and rituals of the Ripky district of Chernihiv region on the basis of modern field ethnographic materials. The register of the folk calendar of Polissian inhabitants of the Ripky district was concluded. Special signs of everyday life and outlook of some holidays have been found out. Emphasized on the manistic, agrarian, cattle, demonological and others motives of various customs and rituals.

The winter period in the Ripky district is rather poor in this context, compared to other Polissia districts. However, there are basic concepts characteristic for Polissian tradition. In the villages of the district cooked kutia, invited the Frost and the souls of the dead to the Dinner and so on.

Among the spring holidays, the custom “Kolodka”, custom dedicated to Pure Thursday “Hovinnia dizhi”, the Yuri’s custom-ritual complex, and others, call attention. Some aspects of Easter rituals, in particular actions with remains of the Easter meal, are well represented. At the same time, the brightest memories of the respondents are the memories of Didy and Radunytsia celebrations: in a slightly modified form, it still remains.

In the summer time, there are some points of interest in connection to Trinity Week for the researcher. In particular, though in a reduced form, information about the ritual of “Provody rusalky” is stored in the Ripky district. Instead, the celebration of Ivan Kupailo and the harvest rituals are very simplified and schematic.

Like everywhere in the Ukrainian folk calendar, autumn is not very expressive in the Ripky district. However, it is worth noting the local tradition of Mykhailove Chudo guy’s roistering and the folk tales accompany this day.

Keywords: Eastern Polissia, Ripky district, spiritual culture, calendar customs and rituals.

Received 9.10.2019

REFERENCES

Tolstaja, S.M. (2005). Polissian folk calendar. Moscow: Indrik. (Traditional spiritual culture of the Slavs. Modern research) [in Russian].
Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Ripky–2017. Op. save V. Halaichuk [in Ukrainian].
Archive DNCZKSTK. F. Ripky–2017. Op. save S. Tsypyshev [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »