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The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 6 (150), 1488—1498

UDK730.071.1+76.071.1](477)”18″(092)+[730+76](477)”18″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.06.1488

THE WORKS OF VLADISLAV PELCHARSKY PERIOD OF STUDYING

KUPCHYNSKA Larysa

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6461-4819

Ph. D. in Art Studies, Associate Professor,

Researcher of the Vasyl Stefanyk National Scientific

Library of Ukraine in Lviv,

2, Stefanyk St., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine

e-mail: oklarysa@gmail.com

Abstract. Vladislav Pelcharsky (1862—1891) is a sculptor who is little known in the history of Ukrainian art. The main information about his life and work today is presented by small publications in periodicals of the nineteenth century end, catalogs of exhibitions he was participating in, as well as in encyclopedias. Archival materials and works of the artist — drawings and sculptures — are the article’s basis. Based on the research the new data from the biography of the artist is presented. These materials relate to his studies in Vienna, in the High Art-Industrial School and the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts first of all, as well as it relates to his perfection of mastery in Rome. It is important given that the experience gained by the artist in Austria and Italy is the basis of his activities in Paris. His drawings, mainly academic studios of male and female nature, are introduced in the scientific circle. Particular attention is paid to the subject of the drawings, the level of performance of tasks facing the student of the leading educational institutions was analyzed. It was proved that while working on the tasks author was guided by the best examples of antique art and baroque. The artist thoroughly studied and drew in detail every part of works of the past centuries. Sculptures, which remained very small, are significant part of the artist heritage. Their research involves photographs that give a general idea of some works. The sculptural compositions «Madonna with the Child» and «Escape to Egypt» stored in the museums of Lviv and Krakow are considered deeper. Given that it is an example of a new figurative and artistic solution to religious themes in temple sculpture, the sculptures composition, silhouette, masses and size are analyzed, the connection of the form with the content is revealed and so on. The article mentions a collection of photographs and reproductions of artistic works of different times that belonged to the artist. The new data on V. Pelcharsky creative activity presented in the article is evidence of his professionalism recognized in the world, but not appreciated in the homeland.

Keywords: Vladislav Pelcharsky, Vienna, Rome, Paris, academic drawing, sculpture, photographs, reproductions.

Received 31.10.2019

REFERENCES

Hubner-Wojciechowska, J., Makowska, U. and Biriulow, J. (2003). Pelcharski Wladyslaw. In: Dictionary of the Polish artists in Poland (passed away before 1966) artists, sculptors, graphics (Vol. 7, pp. 4, 5). Warszawa [in Polish].
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