« 2020. № 1 (151)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 1 (151), 3—14

UDK[7:39:008]:351.854(477)]:061.1(=1:100)”19/20″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.01.003

PRESERVATION OF THE INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE: UKRAINIAN EXPERIENCE

HERUS Lyudmyla

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5931-3816

Сandidate of Аrts (Ph. D), Senior Researcher

of the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy

of Sciences of Ukraine,

in the Department of Folk Art,

15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: ludmilagerus@gmail.com

Abstract. Introduction. At the end of XX — early XXI centuries globalization, social transformations and the continuous development of information and communication technologies have gained particular intensity, have become a source of enormous threat to the destruction and disappearance of the traditional culture and deepened the actuality of preservation and safeguarding the humanity cultural heritage. The European choice of Ukraine, its integration into the international community strengthen the state responsibility for the preservation of original historical relics of different times and peoples that are on its territory and are an integral part of the world cultural heritage.

Article purpose: comprehensive analysis of the formation, current state and prospects of safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine.

Methods. The basic in the research is a systematic approach, which provides an analysis of UNESCO’s activity as a component of the United Nations Institutional system, its relations with other specialized institutions in the field of the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding, adaptation the protecting of the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine to UNESCO normative principles, reached results and perspective ways of implementation. The statistical method was applied to assess the consequences of the measures taken in Ukraine to the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding.

Results. International conventions, acts adopted by UNESCO specialized agencies of the intangible cultural heritage safeguarding, regulatory acts of Ukrainian legislation are considered in the article. The strategy and directions of protection the elements of the intangible cultural heritage in Ukraine are analyzed as a result of the state authorities activity, specialized institutions and the public in the context of the basic principles of international cultural policy.

In the article the next conclusions are drawn. There are the necessity to coordinate the activities of public authorities and local self-government, academics, the public in order to preservation, develop and promote the intangible cultural heritage of Ukraine; adopting the National Target Program for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and based on it regional programs containing conceptual provisions and practical measures of the intangible cultural practices preservation, in particular the development of humanitarian education, the formation a wide range of information sources and popularization activities, the use of scientific potential specialists.

Keywords: intangible cultural heritage, preservation, safeguarding, popularization, artefacts, Ukraine, UNESCO.

Received 26.01.2020

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