« 2020. # 6 (156)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. # 6 (156), 1367—1382

УДК 801.81+ 811.161.2″38

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.06.1367

Tatiana BETSENKO

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1936-6673
  • doctor of philological sciences, professor
  • Department of Ukrainian Language and Literature,
  • Sumy State Pedagogical University A.S. Makarenko
  • Str. Romenskaya, 87, Sumy, 40002
  • e-mail: tpb2016@ukr.net

TEXT-SHAPED AND IMAGE UNIVERSAL — CONSTITUTIVE MODUS OF ORGANIZATION OF FOLKLORE AND SONG DISCOURSE OF UKRAINIAN PEOPLE’S DUMS

Knowledge of the nature of the phenomenon of language form, language syntax, language idea of thoughts is one of the primary tasks of linguistic analysis of this genre of folklore, because it opens prospects for understanding the essence and energy of thought discourse among other genres of folk art. This determines the relevance of the topic of scientific intelligence. The purpose of the article is to describe the fundamental components that integrally form the concept of text-image universality as a fundamental constitutive linguistic-structural unit of the Duma epic; to find out the nature of the textual and figurative universal — a natural constructive component of the epic folk-poetic improvised narrative, which synthesizes the unity of form, content and aesthetics in the figurative and symbolic content.

Theobject of scientific observation is the linguistic organization of Ukrainian folk dumas, the subject — text-shaped universals as nuclear structures that generate epic narrative, their common fundamental attributes and properties that characterize the purpose and functional role of these structures.

Research methods. The main research method is descrip­tive.

In the course of the research it was found out that text-like universals are universal signs of the language/speech system. In the article text-shaped universals are considered in their correlation with formulas. The correlation of the concept and text-shaped universal, folklore sign-symbol and text-shaped universal is determined. Attention is paid to the systemic nature of text-shaped universals. It is proved that the text-shaped universal is a linguistic model. The text-shaped universal is characterized as a linguistic-structural means of folklore improvisation, as a tool of folklore communication.

Conclusions. Thus, the textual-image universal is a cognitive-psychological mental formation embodied in the appropriate language form (model), which functions in the artistic (genre) continuum, reflecting the schematic image of the phenomenon, person, thing, based on evaluative semantics — typical (exemplary, exemplary) for a certain class of phenomena, things and is intended for the implementation of folklore communication (is a language code that ensures the preservation of information and serves as a means of transmitting it). We perceive text-image units as a traditionally conceived, canonized in a certain way in the folk genre unity of form, content, aesthetic content, focused on the preservation, transmission and reproducibility of the relationship. The concept of textual and figurative universality also tends to understand it as a kind of linguistic and aesthetic sign of national culture.

Keywords: text-shaped universal, formula, concept, sign-symbol, folklore, language of Ukrainian folk dumas, folklore communication, improvisation.

REFERENCES

  • Ukhov, P.D. (1970). Attributions of Russian epics. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Maltsev, G.I. (1981). Traditional formulas of Russian non-ritual lyricism. (To the study of the aesthetics of the oral poetic canon). Russian folklore (Vol.21, pp. 13—37) [in Russian].
  • Jones, R. (1972). Language and prosody of Russian folk epic. Paris.
  • Parry, M. (1930). Studies in the epic technique of oral versevaking. ln Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. Homen and Homeric Style (Vol. 41, pp. 73—148). Oxford.
  • Lord, A.B. (1968). The Singer of Tales. New York.
  • Peteneva, Z.M. (1985). Language and style of Russian epics. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
  • Lotman, Yu.M. (1970). The structure of a literary text. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Kumakhov, M.A. (1979). On the problem of the language of epic poetry. Questions of linguistics, 2. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Yermolenko, S.Y. (1999). Essays on Ukrainian literature. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Yermolenko, S.Y. (1987). Folklore and literary language. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Astafieva, L.A. (1993). The plot and style of epics: Author’s abstract. dis. … doc. philol. Moscow: Sciences [in Russian].
  • Bolotnova, N.S. (1992). Communicative universals and their lexical embodiment in a literary text. Philological sciences, 4. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Tyukova, I.N. (2005). Communicative universals and their lexical embodiment in the lyrics of B.I. Pasternak: Author’s abstract. … Cand. philol. Sciences. Tomsk [in Russian].
  • Chistov, K.V. (1986). Folk traditions and folklore. Essays on Theory. Leningrad [in Russian].
  • (2000). Ukrainian language: Encyclopedia. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Batsevich, F.S. (2004). Fundamentals of communicative linguistics. Kyiv [in
  • Ukrainian].
  • Polubichenko, L.V., & Egorova, O.A. (2003). Traditional formulas of a folk tale as a reflection of the national mentality. Bulletin of Moscow State University, 1 (Series 19). Moscow [in Russian].
  • Selivanova, O. (2006). Modern linguistics. Terminological encyclopedia. Poltava. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Kononenko, V.I. (2004). Concepts of Ukrainian discourse. Ivano-Frankivsk [in Ukrainian].
  • Askoldov, S.A. (1997). Concept and Word. Russian Literature. From the theory of literature to the structure of the text. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Karpenko-Ivanova, U. (2006). Frame «armed confrontation» in the Russian, English, Italian cultural and linguistic tradition. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Vengranovich, M. (2005). Functional-style specificity of folklore text in the aspect of extralinguistic conditioning. Opole: Stylistyka [in Russian].
  • Revzin, I.I. (1962). Models of language. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Kirov, E.F. (1989). Theoretical problems of language modeling. Kazan [in Russian].
  • Karpov, V.O. (1992). Language as a system. Minsk [in Russian].
  • Zhinkin, N.I. (1982). Speech as a conductor of information. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Gritsa, S. (1994). Endogenous nature of folklore. Philosophical and sociological thought, 7—8. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • Grigoriev, B.B., & Chumakova, V.I. (2002). Lexicon of semiology. Theory of signs in terms, concepts, names. Vladivostok [in Russian].
  • 29.(1972). Ukrainian People’s Dumas. Moscow.
  • (2007). Literary encyclopedia (Vol. 1). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  • (2008). Ukrainian folklore: dictionary-reference book. Ternopil [in Ukrainian].
  • Putilov, B.N. (1997). Epic storytelling: typology and ethnic specificity. Moscow.
  • Gritsa, S.I. (1990). Ukrainian song epic. Moscow [in Russian].
  • Ivanytsky, A. (1990). Ukrainian folk music. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »