« 2020. # 6 (156)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. # 6 (156), 1297—1302

УДК 73/75.011.036(477)(092)Грабар

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.06.1297


  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1509-5367
  • vice-rector of Lviv National Academy of Arts,
  • Candidate of Art Criticism, professor
  • Kubіyovich Street, 38, 79011, m. Lviv, Ukraine,
  • e-mail: jaciv@ukr.net


The article deals with the work of the famous contemporary artist and teacher Dariy Hrabar, whose aesthetic worldview is revealed in various types and forms of fine and decorative-monumental art. The syncretic formal and figurative thinking of the artist is determined at the junction of folk art and active stylistic findings, which have been equally conducted on the vector of monumental painting, easel painting and graphics, as well as wood art. D. Hrabar has an interest in ethno-regional features of traditions, in which he has usually found answers to current problems of plastic form. Paying tribute to his eminent professors – presently the classics of Ukrainian art (R. Selskyi, I. Severa, D. Krvavych, M. Kurylych, M. Yatsiv, etc.), the artist has developed in his work basic ideas of national late modernism. During the 1970-1980’s, under totalitarianism, D. Hrabar systematically developed a methodology of synthetic (decorative-generalizing form), despite the limitations in creative freedom, adapting it to his works of various genres and themes.

The relevance of the topic of the article lies in the first attempt in art history to systematize and scientifically interpret great creative work of the artist. The aim of the research is to highlight the question of D. Hrabar’s aesthetic worldview in the projection of moral and value imperative, the author’s understanding of the concept of “cultural memory”, the action of his own existence. The object of the research is a practical experience of the artist in the main creative fields: wood art, monumental art, easel painting and graphics, the subject is the formal language of works, their syncretic and semantic nature. The methodological basis of the article is structural-typological and formal-analytical methods, culturological approach in revealing the specifics of individual thinking of the artist.

Keywords: fine arts, decorative and monumental art, graphics, painting, Dariy Hrabar, structure of creativity, aesthetic worldview, syncretic nature of creativity, semantic field, formal and figurative means, plastic and figurative ideas, painting strategy.


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »