« 2021. # 6 (162)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 6 (162), 1385—1396

UDK 331.556-055.2(450.72=161.2)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.06.1385



  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000000228879307
  • PhD in Sociology and Social Research, Department of Social Sciences,
  • University of Naples Federico II Vico Monte della Pietа, 1 80138 — Napoli, Italy,
  • Contacts: е-mail: tamara.mykhaylyak@unina.it

Abstract. The main issue of this article is immigration and integration processes. The research consists of two parts. The first part is an attempt to point out the main features of integration processes in the United States and Europe and moreover to draw attention to the way the term «integration» is used in academic and political areas. The aim of the second part is to focus on particular examples of adaptation to new living conditions by Ukrainian immigrants in Italy. In accordance with this, specialists have conducted a survey with 25 women working in Italian Campania region and made an attempt to analyze economic, social and cultural sides of the people’s life abroad. This researches are the relevance of this article.

The study highlighted many problems faced by immigrant female workers abroad, usually related to living conditions, leisure activities and moral stress as a consequence of social isolation, especially for women living at their employers’ places. The article is based on qualitative research method: a detailed questionnaire of 55 questions divided into 6 separate blocks has been written in order to prepare for in- depth interviews.

Keywords: integration, assimilation, Italy, Ukraine, Naples, female labor immigrants.

Received 22.09.2021


  • Sciortino, G. (2015). Is it possible to measure the integration of immigrants? The state of the art. Notebook of the Department of Sociology and Social Research, 63 [in Italian].
  • Thomas, W.I, & Znaniecki, F.W. (1918—1921). The Polish peasant in Europe and America. Monograph of an immigrant group. University of Chicago Press.
  • Park, R., Burgess, E.W., & McKenzie R.D. (1925). The City: Suggestions for the Study of Human Nature in the Urban Environment. University of Chicago Press].
  • Gubert, R., & Tomasi, L. (Ed.). (1994). In Robert E. Park and the theory of the «Melting pot». Trento: Reverdito [in Italian].
  • Alba, R., & Nee, V. (2003). Remaking the American Mainstream. Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. Harvard University Press.
  • Kazal, R.A. (1995). Revisting Assimilation: The Rise, Fall, and Reappraisal of a Concept in American Ethnic History. The American Historical Review, 2 (Vol. 100).
  • Ambrosini, M. (2020). The integration of immigrants: a concept map. In Coccia B. and Di Sciullo L. (Ed.). The forgotten integration. Reflections for an Italian model of participatory coexistence between immigrants and natives. Rome [in Italian].
  • Catarci, M. (2014). Critical considerations on the notion of integration of migrants. REMHU, 43 (Vol. 22) [in Italian].
  • Dal Mas F. (28/06/2019). Migranti. Salvini’s latest provocation: a wall between Italy and Slovenia. Avvenire. Retrieved from: https://www.avvenire.it/attualita/pagine/lultima- provocazione-un-muro-tra-italia-e-slovenia [in Italian].
  • Stumpf, J. (2006). The Crimmigration Crisis: Immigrants, Crime, and Sovereign Power. American University Law Review (Vol. 56).
  • (2021). Ministry of the Interior. Citizenship. Retrieved from: https://www.interno.gov.it/it/temi/cittadinanza-e-altri-diritti-civili/cittadinanza [in Italian].
  • Averchuk, R. (2019). Undocumented migrants and honored citizens: how Ukrainians are trying to integrate in Italy. Hromadske. Society. Retrieved from: https://hromadske.ua/posts/migranti-bez-dokumentiv-ta-zasluzheni-gromadyani- yak-ukrayinci-namagayutsya-integruvatisya-v-italiyi [in Ukrainian].
  • Di Sciullo, L. (Ed.). (2020). Models in fragments … and model fragments? The singular case of Italy, between explicit segregation and implicit integration. In Coccia, B., & Di Sciullo L. The forgotten integration. Reflections for an Italian model of participatory coexistence between immigrants and natives. Roma [in Italian].
  • Riccio, B. (Ed.). (2014). Anthropology and migrations. Rome; Cisu [in Italian].
  • Capello, C., Cingolani, P., & Vietti, F. (2021). Ethnography of migrations. Research themes and methods. Rome: Carocci [in Italian].
  • (2019). Statistical Dossier on Immigration. Roma: Confronti [in Italian].
  • Vianello, F.A. (2009). Migrate alone. Transnational ties between Ukraine and Italy. Milan: Franco Angeli [in Italian].
  • Gavrylyshyn, P. (2014). Ukrainian Labour Immigration in Italy (1991—2011). Brusturiv: Discursus [in Ukrainian].
  • Solari, C.D. (2018). On the Shoulders of Grandmothers: Gender, Migration, and Post-Soviet Nation-State Build. New York: Routledge.


Our authors
On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »