The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 1 (163), 31—35
THE PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUNDS IN THE ARTISTIC WORKS OF THE CHURCH MASTERS IN GALICIA (END OF THE 19th — THE FIRST THIRD OF THE 20th CENTURY)
- ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/: 0000-0003-3581-4103
- Dr. hab. in Art Studies, Professor,
- Departament of Design,
- Ukrainian National Forestry University,
- 103, General Chuprynky Str., 79057, Lviv, Ukraine,
- Contacts: е-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. Introduction. The art of carving in Galicia has a long story of formation. It was based on the art of ancient Ukraine. Problem Statement. Such issues were raised mainly in the cultural and philosophical plane. In my article we will analyse this question as an art Investigation by analyzing the worldview of the masters of carving.
The purpose of the research is to show the interconnection of the philosophical backgrounds of masters of arts in Galicia and the development of the church carving art at the end of nineteenth — beginning of the twentieth centuries. The research methodology lies in the comprehensive disclosure of ideological principles of work of the masters of the carving and their contribution to the sacred culture of the Ukrainians of Galicia. The main methods are structural-logical, art-study analysis and methodology of the system approach. The scientific novelty of the research is that for the first time the philosophical foundations of the carving masters in Galicia are considered as a component of sacred and material culture.
Results. The analysis of the carvings of a number of churches shows the deep worldview principles of sacred carving’s art in Galicia. They were based on the traditional national art of carving. We notice this in the use of traditional ancient ornaments, as well as traditional carving techniques for the Galician region.
Conclusions. During the work it was established that the ideological foundations of the masters played an important role in the formation of the sacred culture of the Ukrainian population in Galicia (end of the nineteenth and first third of the twentieth century). After all, ideological principles have contributed to preserving the concept of national self-identification of Ukrainians in this region.
Keywords: Galicia, art of carving, artistic traditions, masters of carving.
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