« 2023. # 2 (170)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2023. № 2 (170), 307—313





  • Doctor of Engineering,
  • Ukrainian Catholic University,
  • Vice-Rector for Scientific Work,
  • 17, St. I. Svientsitskoho, 79011, Lviv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail:

Abstract. The author considers the problems of dialogue and ways to overcome them.

Having identified different types of dialogue, the author believes that one of the ways to overcome the problem of communication is in the interlocutors’ awareness of the probabilistic nature of knowledge.

The author also suggests distinguishing views from beliefs to give them different meanings during dialogue.

One of the causes of misunderstandings, both interpersonal and societal, is a wrong attitude to the nature of knowledge; therefore, the author introduces the concept of hypothetical truth and incompleteness of knowledge, which relieves the interlocutors of the need to be dogmatic about their own beliefs.

Within the framework of these ideas about dialogue, the author distinguishes between faith and trust and emphasises the distinction between their role in forming personal opinions.

As a result of rethinking the principles of dialogue, the author substantiates the inevitability of unrest in human existence and outlines ways to overcome global conflicts between human communities.

Keywords: dialogue, probabilistic nature of knowledge, the difference between views and beliefs, nature of truth, faith and trust, formation of opinion.

Received 25.02.2023


  • Penrose, R. (2017). Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe. Princeton: University Press.
  • Bambach, Ch.R. (1995). Heidegger. Dilthey and the Crisis of Historicism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Bohm, D. (2004). On Dialogue. Routledge.
  • Popper, K. (1983). Logic and Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Moscow: Progress [in Russia].
  • Philip, F. (1960). Philosophy of science. Connection between science and philosophy. Moscow [in Russia].


Our authors
Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »

Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »