« 2024. # 2 (176)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2024. № 2 (176), 377—389

UDK 730.036.45.071.1″18/19″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2024.02.377

TYPOLOGY OF PLASTIC SHAPE IN ALEXANDER ARCHIPENKO’S ART

KLYMENKO Mariya

Abstract. The stages of Alexander Archipenko’s (1887—1964) formation from the early symbolism to different stages of experimental shape were underlined. The goal of the article is to identify the features of Archipenko’s worldview through the systematization of his plastic shapes typology. The main task of our research is disclosing the specifics of Archipenko’s shape concepts and their typologies. To reveal goals and tasks in the scope of object and subject research the methods of scientific reconstruction and interpretation, phenomenological and

comparative approach, structural and typological analysis were used. The phenomenology method was used in order to avoid stereotypes existed by the figure of the sculptor which promoted the phenomenon of the artist up to date. Due to the underlining the main problem of the research, particularly the question of the typology of Archipenko’s plastic shapes, another angle of representation of the well-known personality of the artist was found. The method of the formal and figurative analysis of works was used to find and discover the complete picture of the sculptor’s creative work in order to follow the typology of Archipenko’s plastic shapes.

Results. The scientific reconstruction of the dynamics of changes of the artist’s figurative means in the context of confirmation of his individual conceptual and philosophic line was done. The importance of his personality is determined by a great number of multi-vector directions of his art. Nevertheless, even because of it, the individual figurative and plastic language differs Archipenko from other contemporaries and followers.

Conclusions. In the process of the research another angle of the presentation of Archipenko’s phenomenon was found. As a result of our work the evolutionary

typology of Archipenko’s plastic shape was established.

Practical use of the research. Archipenko creative heritage can be served a valuable resource in the search of modern artistic concepts.

Keywords: Alexander Archipenko’s art, 20th century, sculpture, typology of plastic shape, European Avant-garde, Modernism, Cubism, concept of the plastic shape.

Received 30.03.2024

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