« 2022. # 3 (165)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2022. № 3 (165), 585—593

UDK [738+643.557](477-25)”1944/1987″

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2022.03.585

HISTORY OF CREATION AND CLOSURE OF THE KYIV EXPERIMENTAL WORKSHOP OF ART CERAMICS (1944—1987)

SKOROMNA Alesia

  • ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8961-4524
  • Ph. D student of the Department of Theory and History of Art,
  • National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture,
  • 20, Voznesensky Descent St., 04053, Kyiv, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: dolzhenko2012@gmail.com

Abstract. The article, based on the study of archival materials, systematizes and analyzes the preconditions for the emergence and closure of one of the leading institutions in Ukraine — the Kyiv Experimental Workshop of Art Ceramics.

It was found that the Experimental Workshop began its activities in 1944 and ended its actual existence in 1987 (chronological boundaries of the study). The precondition for the creation of the workshop was the need to enrich the interiors and exteriors of architectural structures and ensembles of the war-torn Kyiv with artistic ceramics and modernize its decorative possibilities. Thus, this topic has become especially relevant in our time.

So the object of research is the Kyiv Experimental Workshop of Art Ceramics, and the subject is archival materials that shed light on the topic.

The methodological basis of the study is the principle of historicism in combination with elements of structural and functional analysis and use of basic methods of ethnological science: archiving, interviewing, typological, comprehensive and retrospective analysis, scientific description, comparative analogies, classification, typological analysis, interpretation, historical reconstruction, etc.

The methodology involves recourse to the factual method  — the analysis of archival documents of N. Fedorova and P. Musiienko. An integral part of this investigation were interviews with N. Krutenko, O. Hrudzynska, H. Sevruk, which made it possible to record new facts about the workshop.

Scientific novelty. Introduced into scientific circulation of the new information’s about the workshop, it leaders, and the main date of opening and closing of the researched institution was determined.

Keywords: Ukraine, 20th century, P. Musiienko, N. Fedorova, N. Krutenko, Experimental workshop, ceramoplastics, glaze, history of creation and closing of the institution.

Received 6.04.2022

REFERENCES

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