The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 3 (147), 557—562
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE AND CREATIVITY OF ETHNOGRAPHER, ARCHEOLOGIST, PRIEST YURII SHUMOVSKYI
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3445-3027
Post-graduate studentof the department
of the modern ethnologyof the Institute of
Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
15, Svobody Avenue, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine
Contacts: е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. Yurii Shumovskyi is the outstanding figure among Ukrainian archeologists. Through out his life, he combined the work of a priest with the enthusiasm for archeology, which has become a precedent in the world scientific practice. This scientific reflection of the historical phenomenon, namely, Yurii Shumovskyi’s combination of the professional activities of a priest and his favourite occupation that is archeology is an exceptionally significant and topical task of the Ukrainian national historiography. The purpose of the study is to find out Yurii Shumovskyi’s philosophical views that influenced the life and work of a scientist on the basis of the analysis of his works, on theological-religious and historical-church themes. The methodological basis of the research is a complex of interdisciplinary research methods and principles – general scientific and specific – peculiar, in particular, to historical and philosophical sciences: problem-chronological, systemic-structural, philosophical-ideological, phenomenological and, hermeneutic. Based on the results of the analysis of his works, it can be argued that his views were characterized by his own philosophical system of thinking, with a combination of religious and mythological world views. Fascinated by archeology, the priest compared religious knowledge to the one he received in the course of archaeological research. Hence, it follows that the main reason of Father Yurii’s interest in archeology was the desire to learn the truth of human existence not only from the sacred written sources, but also through archeology that could assist in finding material evidence of various forms of religion that affect the identity of each nation which is reflected in their traditions, customs, rituals. During the research, the following philosophical views; activities and creation were taken into consideration: religious, moral and ethical, nationalistic. In conclusion, it should be noted that Yurii Shumovskyi’s philosophy of life and work is a source of genuine humanism. Through his own life, he canonized the high fundamental values: freedom of love, firmness of spirit, dignity, sincerity, the desire for wisdom, reliability, love for God, love for neighbor, love for the homeland. The creative legacy of an ethnographer, archeologist, and priest Yurii Shumovskyi is an inexhaustible source of wisdom and life-giving inspiration not only for the Ukrainian people. It is relevant today and will be pertinent tomorrow because his motto was, «There is no limit to the spiritual perfection of a man».
Keywords: Yurii Shymovskyi, ethnographer, archaeologist, priest, philosophicalviews.
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