« 2020. № 3 (153)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2020. № 3 (153), 503—511


DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2020.03.503


ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3164-1217

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Department,

The Ethnology Institute National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Department of Folklore,

15, Svobody ave., 79000, Lviv, Ukraine,

Contacts: e-mail: vasylsokil@gmail.com

Abstract. The article is about H. Demian, one of the most authoritative researchers of the national liberation movements of the 1940s—1960s. He has devoted more than twenty years to the study of insurgency. After all, that was the meaning of his life.

The subject of research is the insurgent martyrologies — lists of those killed for the freedom of Ukraine, brief information about their life and battle path, heroic death. The lists also include victims of the totalitarian regime who were persecuted, imprisoned, died early. Martyrologies from Stryi district are used as a basis, especially the full-scale one from Skole district and some others. H. Demian, for the first time, developed methodological advice on what and how to collect for a full-fledged insurgent martyrologies, and indicated further search priorities.

The proposed article presents the scientific community with a series of researches by the scientist about national liberation movements of the specified period. It refers to the OUN-UPA insurgent movement in the 1940s—1960s in Skole district. H. Demian pointed to all its stages, the centers that formed in this area, the combat units, the mass and sacrificial movement of local heroes. There is a similar work on the Hutsulshchyna region in the OUN—UPA liberation struggle. Structurally, it has the features of a solid monographic research with introduction, main body, and conclusions. In the introductory part, H. Demian provided the historiography of the issue, and then showed the combat history of all UPA kurins in the region, their participants. Hence the purpose of our article is to show the work of H. Demian in this area, both practical and theoretical, to identify the principles and methods of work on this material, to evaluate the professional approaches of the researcher. This is what caused the relevance of the chosen topic.

The source base for writing this research were martyrologies concluded by H. Demian, as well as his research related to national liberation movements of the specified period.

Keywords: national liberation movements, Ukrainian Insurgent Army, kurin, platoon, martyrology, victimhood, heroism.

Received 19.05.2020


Demian, G. (1992). To help local historians — rebel researchers. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (1998). How to prepare a rebel martyrologist for the area. Kyiv: Ukrayinska Vydavnycha Spilka [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (1995). Rebel Calvary. Khvyli Stryya (Pp. 115—142). Stryy: Shchedryk [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (Ed.). (1996). Insurgent martyrologist of Skolivschyna. Skolivshchyna (Pp. 302—725). Lviv: Instytut narodoznavstva NAN Ukrayiny [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. OUN and UPA rebel movement in 1940—1960 s. Skolivshchyna (Pp. 136—196) [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (2000). Banderivtsi (Book 1). Kyiv: Ukrayinska Vydavnycha Spilka [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (2002). Materials on the OUN-UPA encyclopedia. Vyzvolnyj shliakh, 9, 54—69 [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (2002). Materials on the OUN-UPA encyclopedia. Vyzvolnyj shliakh, 10, 35—51 [in Ukrainian].
Demian, G. (2000). Hutsul region in the OUN and UPA liberation struggle. Istoriya Hutsulshchyny (Vol. 5, pp. 274—434). Lviv: Lohos [in Ukrainian].

Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Read »

Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »