Archive

« 2019. № 5 (149)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2019, № 5 (149), 1296—1304

UDK 08(477.46):37

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2019.05.1296

FOLK RITUAL «GOAT»: A TIME AND SPACE DIMENSION (BASED ON HISTORIC UMAN REGION)

YOVENKO Larysa

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1035-071X

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences,

Associate Professor of Ukrainian Literature,

Ukrainian Studies and Teaching Methods Department

Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University

Garden street, 2, Uman, Tcherkasy area, 20300

e-mail: yovenko310@ukr.net

TERESHKO Іnna

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5682-7766

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences,

Associate Professor of Choreography and Artistic Culture Department

Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University

Garden street, 2, Uman, Tcherkasy area, 20300

e-mail: art_dekanat@meta.ua

Abstract. The purpose of the article. The research is connected with the study of the ritual and mythological essence of the folk ritual drama «Goat» by the presentation of features of its existence in the historical Uman region (end of XIX — beg. of XXI centuries) and determination of forms of effective use of action in the educational process of modern higher educational institutions. The methodology of the study consists of the application of cultural studies, chronological-historical, expedition methods, as well as the method of the theoretical generalization.

The scientific novelty of the article is to expand the ideas about the folk ritual drama «Goat», to study its locally territorial features in the historical Uman region in the available scientific sources and materials of folklore and ethnographic expeditions of students and teachers of the Faculty of Ukrainian Philology of the Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University (1997—2018). Conclusions. The studied folk drama is the so-called a bypassing magic rite, the essence of which is to visit the houses for a specific ritual purpose. This rite reflects: 1) connection with nature, flora, fertility of the earth; 2) connection with the world of the dead; 3) magic (word magic, spells, imitative and contagious magic). The study of scientific works, archival materials of the Research Laboratory «Problems of Preparation of Future Philology Teachers for Ukrainian Studies at School» (Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University) showed that the traditional New Year’s performance of «Goat» in Uman region was peculiar, song, music and choreographic repertoire. It was in existence in the 1950s. A thorough study of regional folklore, folk dramatized forms of the native land during the educational process of higher education institutions has considerable potential in the formation of national and patriotic virtues of the individual, the development of professional competences of future teachers-philologists and art.

Keywords: folk theater, folk ritual drama, regional folklore, carols, choreographic behavior of brides, folk and ethnographic activity.

Received 29.10.2019

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