Archive

« 2021. # 3 (159)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2021. № 3 (159), 659—665

UDK 392.5(477.46-21=161.2)”18/20″:930.85

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2021.03.659

THE RITE «WEDDING BRANCH» (ACCORDING TO THE MATERIALS OF THE HISTORICAL UMAN REGION)

YOVENKO Larysa

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1035-071X
  • Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences,
  • Associate Professor of Ukrainian Literature,
  • Ukrainian Studies and Teaching Methods
  • Department Pavlo Tychyna Uman State
  • Pedagogical University
  • 2, Garden street, 20300, Uman, Tcherkasy area, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: yovenko310@ukr.net

TERESHKO Іnna

  • ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5682-7766
  • Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences,
  • Associate Professor of Choreography and
  • Artistic Culture Department Pavlo Tychyna
  • Uman State Pedagogical University
  • 2, Garden street, 20300, Uman, Tcherkasy area, Ukraine,
  • Contacts: e-mail: art_dekanat@meta.ua

Abstract. The urgency of the topic lies in the need to form a new personality as a patriot of Ukraine, based on national traditions, customs, rituals, folklore heritage, art and more. This reinforces the need to create appropriate conditions for the promotion of national cultural heritage, past and present of the Ukrainian nation. The relevance of the article is also due to insufficient study of folklore and ethnographic material of the historical Uman region. Therefore, the aim of the article is to study the ritual and mythological essence of the «branch» rite, to present the peculiarities of its existence in the historical Uman region at the end of the XIX — beginning of the XXI century. The object of research is the «wedding branch» ceremony. Subject  — local and territorial features of this rite in the historical Uman region.

The methodological basis of the research is used by culturological and chronological-historical (to understand evolution and transformation due to «writing a wedding cow»), expedition method (to study its local-territorial features), as well as the method of theoretical generalization. The novelty of the work in the generalization of local and territorial features due to the «wedding branch», published samples of ceremonial wedding folklore of the historical Uman region. Conclusions. Thus, the studied rite has a deep archaic meaning. It is established that it reflects: 1) the cult of the sun, fertility; 2) connection with nature, flora, native land; 3) the cult of the family.

The study of scientific works, archival materials of the research laboratory «Problems of training future teachers of philology for Ukrainian studies at school» (Uman State Pedagogical University named after Pavlo Tychyna) showed that the rite of «department» in the villages of historical Uman retains authentic features, has a kind of script ritual which is manifested in the fixed local and territorial features of its implementation. This rite is still an important part of the wedding ceremony of Uman region.

Careful study of regional forms of folklore in the educational process of higher education has significant potential in promoting the cultural heritage of the native ethnic group, fostering respect for the material and spiritual heritage of Ukrainian and other peoples.

Keywords: wedding ceremony, wedding branch, wedding folklore, Uman, historical region, national cultural heritage.

Received  20.04.2021

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