Archive

« 2017. #5 (137)

The Ethnology Notebooks. 2017, 5 (137), 1097—1103

UDK 39(=161.2):664.64(477.81/.82­17)

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/nz2017.05.1097

TRADITIONAL BREAD MAKERRAW MATERIALS OF POLISCHUKS

Tsypyshev Serhij Ivanovych, Deputy Director of Scientific Work

at the Lviv Museum of Folk Architecture and Everyday Life

named after Clementiy Sheptytsky,

Chernecha Gora Str., 1, Lviv, 79014, Ukraine

Contacts: Tel. (068) 5259185; e-mail: museumlviv@gmail.com

Abstract. The paper deals with the issues concerned to the bread maker raw materials of Polissia inhabitants. Processes in which these raw materials are used are described. The special attention the author calls to the technological aspects of bread baking process. Customs and beliefs related to bakery are partly observed separately.

Keywords: breadmaker raw materials, Polissia, bread, fermentation, water, yeast, customs, beliefs.

Received 26.07.2017

REFERENCES

AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.5/6.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD4.S.3/11.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD7.S.6/2.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD13.S.1/26.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Berezne(VII—VIII)2013. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD15.S.3/7.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Volodarka(VI)2012. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD2.S.2/04.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Volodarka(VI)2012. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.1/22.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD1.S.1/20.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD3.S.1/20.
AA DNTsZKSTK. F. Yemil’chyne(VII—VIII)2011. Od. zb. C. Tsypyshev, AFD4.S.1/19.
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2011). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Kamin’Kashyrs’kyj, Liubeshivs’kyj ta Manevyts’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv109 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2012). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Kovel’s’kyj, Starovyzhivs’kyj ta Turijs’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv111 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S.I. (2010). Zvit pro vidriadzhennia u Liuboml’s’kyj, Shats’kyj ta Ratnivs’kyj rajony Volyns’koi oblasti. L’viv: Arkhiv MNAP u L’vovi ; Zv106 [in Ukrainian].
Artiukh, L.F. (1977). Ukrains’ka narodna kulinariia. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Hontar, T.O. (1979). Narodne kharchuvannia ukraintsiv Karpat. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
Dovzhenok, V.J. (1961). Zemlerobstvo drevn’oi Rusi. Kyiv : Vydavnytstvo AN URSR [in Ukrainian].
Zharykova, H.H. (2005). Mikrobiologiia prodovol’stvennykh tovarov. Sanitaryia i gigijena. Moskva : Akademyia [in Russian].
Zus’ko, I. (2016). Pidtoplennia zemel’ ta naselenykh punktiv u Volyns’kij oblasti ta ekolohichni naslidky. Ekolohiia i pryrodokorystuvannia v systemi optymizatsii vidnosyn pryrody i suspil’stva: materialy III mizhnar. nauk.prakt. konf. 24—25 bereznia 2016 r. (Vol. 1, pp. 79—80). Ternopil’ : Krok [in Ukrainian].
Ziubrovs’kyj, A. (2014). Vypikannia povsiakdennoho khliba ukraintsiv pivdenno-zakhidnoho istorykoetnohrafichnoho rehionu v kintsi XIX — na pochatku XXI stolit’. The Ethnology Notebooks, 2 (116), 250—263.
Bondarchyk,V.K., Braim, I.N. & Burakovskaja, N.I. (Eds.). (1988). Poles’e. Material’naja kul’tura. Kyiv : Naukova dumka [in Russian].
Svydnyts’kyj, A. (2016). Liuborats’ki: simejna khronika. Kyiv ; Liajptsig : Ukrains’ka nakladnia [in Ukrainian].
Svoievolina, H.V. (2006). Udoskonalennia tekhnolohii zavarnykh prianykiv. (Dr.techn. diss. abstr.). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Franko, I. (1982). Etnohrafichna ekspedytsiia na Bojkivschynu. In Ivan Franko, Zibrannia tvoriv (Vol. 36, pp. 68—99). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2009). Riznovydy khliba u pobuti ta obriadakh. In V.P. Koval’chuk (Ed.), Etnokul’tura Rivnens’koho Polissia. Rivne : PP DM [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2012). Tradytsijne zemlerobstvo j tvarynnytstvo Rivnens’koho Polissia. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats’ Derzhavnoho naukovoho tsentru zakhystu kul’turnoi spadschyny vid tekhnohennykh katastrof, 1, 308—324 [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2009). Tradytsijni khlibni vyroby Rivnens’koho Polissia pochatku XX stolittia (Za pol’ovymy materialamy iz Dubrovyts’koho ta Sarnens’koho rajoniv Rivnens’koi oblasti). In Polissieznavstvo u fol’klorno-etnohrafichnykh i literaturnomystets’kykh doslidzhenniakh (pp. 99—107). Rivne [in Ukrainian].
Tsypyshev, S. (2011). Khlibni vyroby v tradytsijnij kul’turi polischukiv Zarichnenschyny: tradytsiia i suchasnist’. Materialy do ukrains’koi etnolohii, 10 (13), 147—153.
Shumyhaj, I. (2015). Yakist’ pytnoi vody ta ii vplyv na zdorov’ia naselennia. Ekolohiia i pryrodokorystuvannia v systemi optymizatsii vidnosyn pryrody i suspil’stva: materialy II mizhnar. nauk.prakt. konf. 19—20 bereznia 2015 r. (pp. 161—163). Ternopil’ : Krok [in Ukrainian].
Radzyvill, V.Ya. Entsyklopediia suchasnoi Ukrainy. Retrieved from http://esu.com.ua/search_articles.php?id=36758 [in Ukrainian].
Fedorovych, D. Transport zaliza ta joho rehuliatsiia u drizhdzhiv. Retrieved from http://old.lnu.edu.ua/faculty/biologh/wis/ 25/microbio/02/02/index.htm [in Ukrainian].

Read»

Our authors
Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
Read »

Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
Read »

On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
Read »

Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
Read »